Writing Strategies Fourth grade writing standards focus on the writing process as the primary tool to help children become independent writers. In Grade 4, students are taught to use each phase of the process as follows: In Grade 4, students generate ideas for writing by using prewriting techniques, such as brainstorming, graphic organizersnotes, and logs.
Back to Top Describing When we describe something, we indicate what it looks like—and sometimes how it sounds, feels, smells, and tastes. Descriptive details are a way of showing rather than telling—that the sky is blue, that the chemicals in the beaker have reacted and smell like rotten eggs.
This chapter will help you think about the use of detail, about objectivity and subjectivity, about vantage point, about creating a clear dominant impression, and about using description to fit your rhetorical situation. Detail The goal of using details is to be as specific as possible, providing information that will help your audience imagine the subject or make sense of it.
In the past ten years, I have sustained some of these losses My left leg is now so weak that I walk with the aid of a brace and a cane I no longer have much use of my left hand. Sensory details help readers imagine sounds, odors, tastes, and physical sensations in addition to sights.
In the following example, writer Scott Russell Sanders uses vivid sensory details as he recalls sawing wood as a child: As the saw teeth bit down, the wood released its smell, each kind with its own fragrance, oak or walnut or cherry or pine No matter how weathered and gray the board, no matter how warped and cracked, inside there was this smell waiting, as of something freshly baked To focus your description, determine the kinds of details that are appropriate for your subject.
See, for example, how the details might differ in three different genres: For a lab report, you need to give certain specifics—what equipment was used, what procedures were followed, what exactly were the results. Objectivity and Subjectivity Descriptions can be written with objectivity, with subjectivity, or with a mixture of both.
Objective descriptions attempt to be uncolored by personal opinion or emotion. Police reports and much news writing aim to describe events objectively; scientific writing strives for objectivity in describing laboratory procedures and results.
A house can be described as comfortable, with a lived-in look, or as rundown and in need of a paint job and a new roof. You may describe your subject from a stationary vantage point, from which you and your readers see your subject from one angle only, as if you were a camera.
By contrast, you might describe a drive somewhere by using a moving vantage point, recounting what you see as you go from place to place.
Sometimes you may want to use multiple vantage points, to describe something from many perspectives. Dominant Impression With any description, your aim is to create some dominant impression—the overall feeling that the individual details add up to. The dominant impression may be implied, growing out of the details themselves.
In an essay about Indiana limestone quarries, Sanders makes the dominant impression clear from the start: They are not backyard pools; they are battlefields.Looking for some examples of symbolism?
Symbolism is found in literature, poetry and life. Symbolism is often used by writers to enhance their writing. Symbolism can give a literary work more richness and color and can make the meaning of the work deeper.
Metaphor Examples. Examples of Metaphors in Poems. More. Language Therapy Inference. Language Therapy Inference: This webpage provides you with a typical language intervention session with an 10 year old girl with language difficulty.
The language domain the clinician has targeted for this session is inference skill. Inference skills are a critically important part of reading comprehension.
In this lesson, you'll learn what academic writing is and how to write an academic essay. You'll get to take a look at an example, and then test your knowledge with a quiz.
Check out our epic, updated directory of college essay examples that worked, personal statement samples, personal essays about yourself, and supplemental essay examples. This lesson introduces you to a variety of ways that figurative language can impact the way you express yourself.
You'll learn terms for several approaches and examples of each. WRITE DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is one way to tackle this kind of writing: Imagine yourself to be a kind of 'human video camera'! With your searching zoom lens you are going to 'record' what was in the particular scene or situation the question asks you to describe.