But was any one of these factors really significant enough to bring about the most catastrophic economic event in recent memory? As we will explain, while risky mortgages and questionable financial market practices played an important supporting role in creating the conditions that led up to the economic collapse, there were deeper structural problems—particularly with the way the U.
Senator Sanders has blamed the "big banks" of Wall Street for the financial crash, while Secretary Clinton has pointed in the direction of the "shadow banking" sector. These two views have stirred a lively debate, but who got it right? These two views have stirred a lively debatebut who got it right?
It turns out that neither although Secretary Clinton's view is closer to the truth. Below I list the three culprits for the Great Recession. Monetary policy Several authors, like professor John B. Taylorhave argued that the monetary policy was too loose for several years before the crisis.
This was likely to accelerate the housing boom and thus make the bust worse. The vitality of the US economy at the beginning of the s also persuaded capital inflows that fueled both the asset boom and speculation.
The US housing market The US government has been deeply involved in the housing market with several Acts regulating the mortgage market.
Of these, at least the following were directly aimed at expanding credit to "subprime" borrowers and thus likely to accelerate the housing boom.
The Community Reinvestment Act passed in prohibited the indiscrimination of borrowers according to their income level. The American Dream Downpayment Assistance Act passed in provided the low-income communities down payments and closing cost assistance.
Mismanagement of the risk and the onset of the crisis Since the s, banks have removed the risks of mortgages from their balance sheet by selling them to investors. In CDS, some third party insures a mortgage or a credit line between two other parties. This led to the rise of the "shadow banks", because banks needed some third party to insure their CDSs.
To accomplish this, banks created, e. In this setup, a bank creates a SPV, which insures the risk of banks' credit lines, like mortgages, and receives a payment interest payments, etc.
Because only a miniscule fraction of borrowers are assumed to default, SPV needs to sell a limited amount of bonds to cover the insurance, which made this arrangement, called Synthetic Collateralized Debt Obligations, or CDOs, markedly profitable.
CDOs were originally used in the corporate loans, where default probabilities of different firms were fairly well known, but no such information was available on mortgages. For example, the correlation of default risks related to different mortgages was unknown. This was particularly problematic for the credit rating agencies, who assessed the risks related to CDOS and other securitized mortgage products.The Great Depression was a worldwide economic depression that lasted 10 years.
Its kickoff was “ Black Thursday," October 24, That's when traders sold . The Great Recession—which officially lasted from December to June —began with the bursting of an 8 trillion dollar housing bubble.
Dec 04, · Watch video · The Great Recession was a global economic downturn that devastated world financial markets as well as the banking and real estate industries. The crisis led to increases in home mortgage.
Senator Bernie Sanders has blamed the "big banks" of Wall Street for the financial crash of and the Great Recession that followed, while . This was the initial trigger that set off the Great Recession, but for different reasons.
Banks that lost money on the complicated derivatives based on underlying home values. This caused both the recession, following the . Home / Great Recession / Causes of the Great Recession Causes of the Great Recession Ask most Americans what caused the Great Recession, and they will likely mention something about subprime mortgages, Lehman brothers, or Wall Street greed.