Introduction to Communication and Civic Life COM 3 credits An overview of major approaches to the analysis and criticism of contemporary cultural concerns, situating these within the broader historical contexts of communication and cultural theory. Sophomore standing Credit for enrollment in approved study abroad programs.
Annotated Bibliography The Brooklyn Bridge is a hallmark in American invention and creativity and is known as the 8th wonder of the world. The towers are feet high and the roadway is feet above mean tide-water, which allows boats of less than 1, tons to navigate beneath it.
Roebling used steel cable to design a suspension bridge to replace the rigid chains and rods previously used in bridges. Caissons are large wooden boxes that serve as the foundation for the bridge's two towers. The caissons were filled with compressed air when the workers entered them.
Inside the air lock of the caissons, workers known as "sand hogs" dug out the mud from underneath the river until they reached solid bedrock. From here, the caissons were filled with concrete and the foundation was completed for the towers. There was a confused sensation in the head, like the rush of many waters.
The pulse was at first accelerated, then sometimes fell below the normal rate. The voice sounded faint unnatural, and it became a great effort to speak. What with the flaming lights, the deep shadows, the confusing noise of hammers, drills and chains, the half-naked forms flitting about, if of a poetic temperament, get a realizing sense of Dante's inferno.
One thing to me was noticeable - time passed quickly in the caisson. Farrington, mechanic for the Brooklyn Bridge The completion of the two granite towers, which were held down by the strong caissons. When it first opened, the Brooklyn Bridge was divided into five divisions.
As seen in the picture to the left, the bridge was comprised of two carriage ways on the outside, a pedestrian promenade in the middle, and two railways between the promenade and carriage way.
Two steam engines propelled the railway. Reflecting a new industrial age for America in the s, the bridge provided the means for Brooklyn trains to get to New York City. Edison said, "This new negative showing the entire trip from Brooklyn to New York, in which the immense towers stand out clear and distinct in the sky.
The best picture of the Brooklyn Bridge yet secured.Note: there are 45 articles written by Mike Chrimes, Librarian of the Institution of Civil Engineers in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: the majority relate to key civil engineers associated with the railway industry..
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“[The] bridge test exceeded our expectations. The composite bridge withstood forces equivalent to more than 80 cars stacked on top of each other, and more than 5 .