BRIA 23 3 b Cicero: Defender of the Roman Republic Cicero was a Roman orator, lawyer, statesman, and philosopher.
Meyers Lately, from politicians, radio-talk show hosts, and other commentators, we have heard that we should forget about democracy, because the U.
But some questions are being posed by democracy advocates: What is a How democratic was the roman republic What is a democracy? Should the United States be a mere republic, or a genuine democracy? Republicans and other democracy detractors point to the U. Constitution and bits of history, and say, "See, the Founding Fathers who wrote the Constitution gave us a Republic.
They believed democracies were dangerous and unworkable. They are not opposites. And they fail to account for the history of American government sincemuch less the debates that took place in America prior towhen the U.
Constitution was substituted for the Articles of Confederation. Democracy means rule of the people. The two most common forms of democracy are direct democracy and representative democracy.
In direct democracy everyone takes part in making a decision, as in a town meeting or a referendum. The specific rules may vary: The other, better known form of democracy is a representative democracy. People elect representative to make decisions or laws.
Again, specifics vary greatly. And, surprise, a representative democracy is a kind of republic. What distinguishes a republic is that it has an elected government. Representative democracies are, therefore, a kind of republic.
Self-appointed governments such as monarchies, dictatorships, oligarchies, theocracies and juntas are not republics. However, this still allows for a wide spectrum. Most people would say that Rome was a Republic, but not a democracy, since it was very close to being an oligarchy, rule by the few.
Although the Roman Republic was not a dictatorship until Augustus Caesar grabbed powerit did not allow for rule of the people. In both theory and practice the Soviet Union, that late evil empire, was a republic Union of Soviet Socialist Republics because the lawmakers were elected, if only by the Communist Party members.
But the dominant trend over the last two centuries has been to make it into a democracy as well, a representative democracy, also known as a democratic republic. True, the creation of the Constitution itself was partly a reaction against democracy.
In states like Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts, the situation was getting way too democratic for the monied aristocracy that had, since the American Revolution, refused to share power with ordinary men.
The causes of the American Revolution were many, but for the monied class there were three principal aims. And land speculators like George Washington sought to seize more Native American Indian land, which the British had outlawed.
But to win the American Revolution this predatory elite needed help. Their own rhetoric about freedom and equality led to widespread demands for the right to vote: In other words, the people began demanding democracy. Even the slaves white and black alike demanded to be freed and allowed to vote.
After the British were defeated a centralized, national government was seen by George Washington and company not as a method of extending freedom and the right to vote, but as a way of keeping control in the hands of rich.
They wrote several anti-democratic provisions into the U. The Senate was not to be elected directly by the people; rather Senators were to be appointed by state legislatures. The President was not to be directly elected by the voters, but elected through an electoral college.
The Supreme Court was to be appointed.
Only the House of Representatives was elected directly. More important to our democracy-versus-republic debate, the U. Constitution left the question of who could vote in elections to each individual state.Republic: Republic, form of government in which a state is ruled by representatives of the citizen body.
Modern republics are founded on the idea that sovereignty rests with the people, though who is included and excluded from the . My answer, the republic was not democratic; the roman republic was an aristocracy with two for one year elected kings, and few Elements of direct democracy.
The function of . America: Republic or Democracy? by William P. Meyers. Lately, from politicians, radio-talk show hosts, and other commentators, we have heard that we should forget about democracy, because the U.S.A. is a republic. World Bank Group Engagement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Bank re-engaged in the DRC in after nearly a decade of the suspension of its activities there. The Roman Republic (Latin: Res publica Romana, Classical Latin: [ˈreːs attheheels.com attheheels.com]) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman attheheels.com was during this period that Rome's control .
While certainly more democratic than the Roman Republic, in recent years the United States has also seen its political system deteriorate as special interest groups and the wealthy increasingly influence politics often to the detriment of the populace.
The Roman Republic was never intended to .