Poverty and Inequality, Unemployment, Inflation in India. Industrial Growth in India. Monetary policy, Foreign exchange, Balance of Payment Scenario. Sub-Unit 2 Economic Planning in India.
Swiftness at reading is a skill worth developing: Quick reading by itself has no worth if you do not comprehend, as fast, what you read. If you train your mind to concentrate on what you read and are able to grasp the ideas expressed, you gain both in the short-term, for example in the examination scenario, and in the long-term, say at a job in which you are called upon to follow instructions or make quick decisions based on some information provided.
The ability to express yourself concisely and precisely in your own words requires you to have a keen mind and a good vocabulary.
This quality, again, is not limited to success in an examination, but will help you in the long run. In this age of information, the power of communication has acquired an importance it has not enjoyed for a long time, and it is valued in practically every field of work.
Reading at the rate of about words per minute is good enough for high school students. At college level, that rate should have gone up to — words per minute, at least, for most readers.
It is possible and worthwhile to develop a faster rate of reading for demanding tests like those for entering business schools.
It goes without saying, of course, that the increase in speed of reading should not be accompanied by a decrease in your level of concentration on and comprehension of the meaning of the words. You are expected to read and understand the passage and answer the questions based on the passage.
Of course, it could be very easy if you had all the time in the world. But you need to be both fast and correct in the time limit set for a test. There are some techniques of approaching this test for better results.
The Three-Stage Approach A time-tested approach to mastering comprehension passages is the three-stage method: This is a good strategy, specially for longer passages in the range of to words.
Previewing There are two ways to do this. One way is to glance through the passage, allowing your eyes to move down the page, skimming the contents and gathering whatever information you are able to.
The other is to actually read some of the sentences from the passage; the first few sentences of the passage; the first and last sentences of each paragraph; the last few sentences of the passage.
Glance through the questions as well. You may choose whichever method suits you. Previewing gives you an idea about the contents and the organisation of the passage, and this helps you to understand the passage better when you read it.
But do not spend too much time on this stage; half a minute for a passage of words should be ample. Previewing will not usually enable you to answer the questions; its purpose is to pick up as much as you can about the general nature of the passage. Reading The next stage is to read the passage carefully, more or less in the conventional way.
This is the most important stage to which you may devote two minutes for a passage of words. As you read, however, try to distinguish between the main ideas and supporting details. Keep a pencil ready. You may mark or underline words and phrases that you recall having struck you at the preview stage itself.
How to locate the main idea? Try to identify the subject—who or what the writer is writing about—in each paragraph. Identify the topic of the paragraph, i.
Try to express in a concise sentence what the writer is attempting to say on the topic. That would be the main idea of the paragraph.
In many cases, the author may have written a main idea sentence clearly: Main ideas are usually of a broad and general nature, while the supporting details tend to be specific and more limited.New HPAS Mains Exam Pattern and Syllabus which will be effective from January i.e HPAS advertisement notice HPAS I am posting Complete Syllabus and Some important things from the Official Notification of Approval of HPAS Mains Pattern and Syllabus.
Spens Report 'Secondary education with Special Reference to Grammar Schools and Technical High Schools' (). The District Collector is a bureaucrat of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS).
They are responsible for the entire district of a State. Besides this, they are also . Mimum Educational Qualifications: The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, , or possess an equivalent qualification.
comprehesion and precis.
Strategies and Techniques for Comprehension and Precis The skill of reading swiftly, the power of grasping the essentials, and the ability to express what has been understood, concisely and in your own words—these are qualities required for tackling reading comprehension tests as well as precis-writing.
A couple of years after that news and more stories of black and other minority progress on GCSEs, GL Assessment, an independent testing organization, published results of their Cognitive Assessment Tests (CAT), indicating the performance of different ethnic groups. The CAT, though given to children at age 11, is highly correlated with GCSE results at age