Most products available for purchase in stores require energy and natural resources to produce — so in general, the less you buy, the fewer resources you use. In order to tread as lightly on the Earth as possible, these people have given up all purchases. Instead, they get what they need by a combination of borrowing, sharing, and scavenging.
Greater understanding of the aging process would dispel myths, reduce disease, and lead to fuller lives. Gerontology is a rich, diverse field with research opportunities for both students and professionals. Gerontology is generally split between two focuses: Both focuses provide unique research topics for gerontologists to study.
Because gerontology is a relatively new field, research results are just beginning to impact the field. Researchers are looking at new ways to monitor aging data, and apply it to aging discoveries. For example, researchers have studied how and when older adults fall, and have applied it to fall prevention programs.
Other researchers examine aging in other species and compare it to human aging. Research is also conducted on possible treatments for age-related diseases. One of the longest age-related studies in the world, researchers have monitored two groups of men since to track their aging patterns and longevity of life.
The first group, called the Grant Group, consists of Harvard graduates from through The Elderly drivers informational essay group, known as the Gluek Group, consists of men from inner-city Boston selected for study between and Every two years, both groups complete questionnaires related to their physical and mental health, marital quality, employment or retirement, and more.
Every five years, health information is collected to assess their physical health. In-depth interviews are conducted with the men through the years to document their relationships, careers, and adjustments to the aging process.
By collecting this data, the Harvard researchers wish to document what factors predict healthy aging. Through observation of the familial, childhood, and psychological variables that predict healthy life adjustments, they show what constitutes successful aging. They have also identified what variables are linked to poor physical and mental health, and poor adjustments to retirement later in life.
One specific result of the study was a greater understanding of variables that predict successful aging before age The study found that the largest indicator for successful aging after 50 was the absence of alcohol and cigarette abuse. Furthermore, abuse of alcohol was linked with other factors associated with negative aging, like depression and divorce.
Subjects who did not drink or smoke had overall happier marriages and happier outlooks on life. This in turn led to greater lifespan.
Fall Prevention Falling during older age is a common occurrence, and leads to serious injuries and even death.
Risk factors for an increased chance of falling include postural hypotension, also known as head rushes when suddenly standing up from a prone position; use of sedatives; use of at least four prescription medications; and an impairment in arm or leg strength or range of motion, balance, or ability to move safely from bed to chair or to the bathtub or toilet.
The groups were split between a control group and a group who received intervention training, focused training that centered on movement, balance, and strengthening exercises. Data from the study concluded intervention training to be effective in preventing falls.
Both groups included subjects who fell, but the control group fell more often, and its first fall happened sooner than subjects from the intervention group. Needs Assessments Before new programs or products are developed, gerontologists conduct research to see if the program or product will meet the needs of older adults.
Typically, this research is conducted through surveys and interviews for services or products. Common survey questions might pertain to health, how they personally feel about their abilities to stay active, or what they feel is missing in their lives.
The development of products like mobility scooters and wheelchairs requires research into training education programs, and research into the mobility technology itself. The Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Wheelchair Transportation Safety has a number of research projects ongoing regarding wheelchair safety.
Biogerontology Research Human Aging Models To conduct research on the effects of human aging is difficult. Primarily, the longevity of human lives makes it difficult to monitor them from start to finish. But the mortality of the researchers themselves also complicates the research process.
So biogerontologists use aging models like mice, yeast, rats, fruit flies, and roundworms to learn about the aging process. These models are chosen based on their relatively quick lifespan, and fast reproduction cycles.
Scientists are looking for new model species to research aging. One underutilized species could be reptiles, according to senescence. Reptiles age slower than mammals and are less likely to show signs of age.
Birds are another species gaining attention among biogerontologists because of their slow aging rates compared to their size. Calorie Reduction Calorie Reduction CR is a controversial method of life extension that has proven beneficial in mice and other human model species.
CR works by restricting the amount of calories fed to mice, while still maintaining vitamin and nutrient levels. CR has also been shown to extend the life of primate species.Institutional, informational and Demographic barriers are classified in belonging and esteem (Relatedness) as these barriers can be reduced or negated with a stronger sense of belonging or esteem in relation to the institution, groups and society.
Type-- focus your topic in terms of a specific type or class of people, places, or phenomena [e.g., a study of developing safer traffic patterns near schools can focus on SUVs, or just student drivers, or just the timing of traffic signals in the area].
A summary of Attitudes in 's Social Psychology.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Social Psychology and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Disaster Planning for People Experiencing Homelessness was developed with support from the Bureau of Primary Health Care, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services. By teaching your children healthy eating habits, and modeling these behaviors in yourself, you can help your children maintain a healthy weight and normal growth.
Also, the eating habits your. executive summary Health care is a vital service that daily touches the lives of millions of Americans at significant and vulnerable times: birth, illness, and death.
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