Copper sulphate essay

This happens, as zinc is higher in the reactivity series than copper. The equation is shown below important aspect of these experiments is that they are exothermic. An exothermic reaction gives out heat as a source of energy. A reaction that is exothermic uses less energy to break the old bonds than is emitted to create the new bonds therefore heat is given off.

Copper sulphate essay

It is formed inside cell organelles called the peroxisomes, during the breakdown of purines.

Copper Sulphate | Essay Example

Copper sulphate essay help to oxidise many substances that might be toxic to the cell. Hydrogen peroxide and catalase, an important oxidase enzyme, act together to oxidise toxins. The peroxisomes in liver cells use the catalase-hydrogen peroxide system to detoxify alcohol that a person drinks.

Hydrogen peroxide is also produced in neutrophils and macrophages, two types of cells that help destroy infectious agents such as bacteria. Hydrogen peroxide is lethal to most bacteria even in very small amounts.

The hydrogen peroxide-catalase oxidising mechanism is also used to break down fatty acids into acetyl-CoA that is then used for energy by the cell.

Peroxisomes are small, membrane-bounded vesicles that provide a contained environment for reactions where dangerously reactive hydrogen peroxide is generated and degraded.

Membranes form numerous other small vesicles involved in the transport of materials between one organelle and another. In a typical animal cell the membrane-bounded organelles may occupy up to half the Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users Choose a Membership Plan total cell volume.

Free radicals are produced in most cells of the body as a by-product of metabolism, although some cell types manufacture larger quantities for specific purposes for example, by macrophages during phagocytosis. The most important free radicals found in aerobic cells, such as those in humans, are oxygen, superoxide, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide and the transition metals.

When free radicals form within cells they can oxidise biomolecules molecules used inside cells, especially lipids and thus cause cell death and injury. However, the human body has developed various mechanisms in order to protect itself from the damaging effects of free radicals.

There are enzymes, such as catalase, which decompose peroxides and transition metals. Heavy metals tend to be non-competitive inhibitors, which means that they inhibit the action of the enzyme-controlled reactions by attaching themselves to the enzyme molecule outside of the active site, thereby preventing the enzyme carrying out its normal catalytic function.

In this case, the extent of the inhibition depends entirely on the concentration of the inhibitor and cannot be varied by changing the amount of substrate present. A normal catabolic reaction: The same reaction but with the addition of a non-competitive inhibitor: Catalase contains Fe in its active site bound to a prosthetic group known as heme.

Copper sulphate essay

If the Cu is removed and Fe added back, activity would likely be restored. For example, the copper may be binding to negatively charged amino acids in the enzyme that are required for activity.

This effect is easy to envision if such an amino acid is in or near the active site of the enzyme. However, even amino acids at some distance from the active site but still part of the enzyme can influence activity if altering the amino acid changes the conformation of the protein such that activity is lost.Determination of the Waters of Crystallisation/ Water of Hydration, In Hydrated copper (II) Sulphate Introduction In nature there are some salts that will have water in their crystalline structure - Determination of the Waters of Crystallisation/ Water of Hydration, in Hydrated Copper (Ii) Sulphate Essay introduction.

Copper sulphate essay

These salts are commonly. Copper Sulphate Essay Sample. The purpose of this experiment was too start with an initial weight of Copper, synthesis copper (II) Nitrate, Copper (II) hydroxide, Copper (II) Oxide and Copper (II) Sulphate, than see how close the percent recover was to %.

Comparing the solubility's of copper sulphate, sodium chloride and potassium nitrate Background Information Molecular solids (sugar) and ionic solids (salts) both dissolve in water.

However, they both dissolve in different ways. For example, the copper may be binding to negatively charged amino acids in the enzyme that are required for activity. This effect is easy to envision if such an . The copper compounds in copper sulphate cause the solution to be blue in colour. As the zinc displaced the copper, the solution lost its colour.

As the copper layer formed on the zinc it became red, as copper is a red metal. Copper Sulphate Calibration Method As per laboratory protocol. Rest Its and Discussion From the table and graph it shows that there is a linear relationship between concentration and .

Copper Sulphate | Essay Example