It has only been since the s that this area has attracted more interest among EFL teachers. The purpose of this article is to look at some of the issues and ways in which literature can be exploited in the classroom. There are also links to classroom activities and lessons with literature that you can download and use straight away. First of all, any method or approach towards using literature in the classroom must take as a starting point the question:
Introduction This document begins with a brief overview of action research and a discussion of its advantages and disadvantages. The intention is to help you make an informed choice about your approach to your research. There is a particular focus on doing research for a thesis or dissertation, or for a similar independent research report.
If a thesis is not your interest I think you will still find material of use.
The document also includes brief accounts of some of the methodologies that exist within action research. An even briefer mention of the data collection methods which can be used is also included.
This background material is followed by two practical sections. The first of them describes how action research can be carried out. A format for writing up the research is then presented. The form of action research described is one which uses a cyclic or spiral process.
It converges to something more useful over time for both action and understanding. It is chosen because of the rigour and economy which it allows. I think it is also more easily defended than some other forms.
I write as a practitioner in a psychology department where action research is viewed with some scepticism. You may be doing your research within a setting where action research and qualitative approaches are more common.
If so, you may not need to approach it with quite as much caution as I suggest. In all of this, it is not my intention to argue against other research paradigms.
For some purposes quantitative, or reductionist, or hypothesis-testing approaches, alone or together, are much more appropriate. In many research situations action research is quite unsuitable.
My only intention is to offer action research as a viable and sometimes more appropriate alternative in some research settings. Should you choose to do an action research study this paper will then help you to do so more effectively and with less risk.
Nor do I have any objection to quantitative research.Below, I describe an approach as one example of how you might go about it.
I have chosen it because it is an approach I am familiar with. Also, it achieves a balance of action and research, and it is more economical to report than other approaches I know. All research reports use roughly the same format.
It doesn't matter whether you've done a customer satisfaction survey, an employee opinion survey, a health care survey, or a marketing research survey.
Chapter 3 Research Design and Methodology Aims Two secondary questions that motivated the research, but are not examined in this thesis in details are: 1. How are people experiencing the convergence of technologies, industries etc, and engaging with the industry driven development of new classes of services.
I have put together this post to explain what a research paradigm is, which includes ontology, epistemology, theoretical framework and methodology, and why it is important for your research or PhD.
Chapter 3 _____ 79 Research methodology Introduction The purpose of this chapter is to present the philosophical assumptions underpinning. The main purpose of Chapter 3 of your dissertation, which is methodology, is to give enough information to an experienced investigator to be able to replicate the study.