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Battle of the Thames order of battle William Henry Harrison's force numbered at least 3, infantry and cavalry.
He had a small detachment of regulars from the 27th U. Infantry and five brigades of Kentucky militia led by Isaac Shelbythe 63 year-old governor of Kentucky and a hero of the American Revolutionary War. He also had 1, volunteer cavalry under Colonel Richard Mentor Johnson.
Most of Johnson's men were from Kentucky, but some were from the River Raisin area of Michigan, all of them spurred on by the slogan " Remember the River Raisin.
The veterans of the regiment's 1st Battalion had been serving in Upper Canada since the start of the war and had suffered heavy casualties in several engagements inincluding the Battle of Lake Erie, where more than of its men had served aboard Barclay's ships.
They had been reinforced by the young soldiers of the 2nd Battalion. Most of the regiment's officers were dissatisfied with Procter's leadership, but Colonel Warburton, the Ccot essays in seniority, refused to countenance any move to remove him from command.
Tecumseh and Roundhead led about Indians. Battle[ edit ] Procter ordered his troops to abandon their half-cooked breakfast and retreat a further two miles shortly after daybreak on October 5, then formed them into line of battle with a single 6-pounder cannon.
He planned to trap Harrison on the banks of the Thames, driving the Americans off the road with cannon fire, but he had made no attempt to fortify the position by creating abatis or throwing up earthworks, and the ground presented no obstacle to the American horsemen, while scattered trees masked the British fire.
Tecumseh's men formed a line in a black ash swamp on the British right to flank the Americans. Tecumseh rode along the British line, shaking hands with each officer before rejoining his warriors.
Young of the forces arrayed in the battle General Harrison surveyed the battlefield and ordered James Johnson brother of Richard Ccot essays Johnson to make a frontal attack on the British regulars with his mounted riflemen.
Despite the Indians' flanking fire, Johnson's Kentuckians broke through, the British cannon not having fired. The exhausted, dispirited, and half-starved British regulars fired a single ragged fusillade before retreating. Procter and about of his men fled from the battlefield, while the rest of his soldiers threw down their weapons and surrendered.
Tecumseh and his followers remained and carried on fighting. Johnson charged into the Indian position at the head of about 20 horsemen to draw attention away from the main American force, but Tecumseh and his men answered with a volley of musket fire that stopped the cavalry charge.
Fifteen of Johnson's men were killed or wounded Johnson himself was hit five timesand his main force became bogged down in the swamp mud. Tecumseh is believed to have been killed during this fighting.
The main force finally made its way through the swamp, and James Johnson's troops were freed from their attack on the British. The American reinforcements were converging as news spread of Tecumseh's death, and Indian resistance dissolved.
Richard Mentor Johnson claimed to have shot Tecumseh,  though the evidence is unclear; William Whitley was a Revolutionary War veteran who is also credited with killing him. Depiction of Col Richard Mentor Johnson shooting Tecumseh during the battle The enlistments were about to expire for the militia component of Harrison's army, so the Americans retired to Detroit.
Three modern battalions of the United States Army perpetuate the lineage of the old 27th Infantry Regiment, elements of which were at the Battle of the Thames.
Casualties[ edit ] Harrison reported that the British regulars had 72 killed and 22 wounded prisoners. Lieutenant Richard Bullock of the 41st Regiment, however, said that there were 12 killed and 36 wounded prisoners.
More than a year after the battle, British Colonel Augustus Warburton and Lieutenant Colonel William Evans both reported that 18 were killed and 25 wounded. Harrison stated that 7 were killed outright, 5 died of wounds, and 17 more were wounded. Major Isaac Shelby said that 7 or 8 were killed outright, 4 died of their wounds, and about 20 more were wounded.
Brown states that there were 25 killed or fatally injured and 50 wounded in Johnson's regiment, and 2 killed and wounded in the infantry, for a total of 27 killed and 56 or 57 wounded.
American victory at the Thames failed to translate into recapture of Illinois, Wisconsin, and other Midwestern territories, which the British and Indians held until the war's end; efforts also failed to regain control of the Old Northwest and of fur trade routes after the British victory at the subsequent Engagements on Lake Huron.
The death of Tecumseh was a crushing blow to the Indian alliance which he created, and it dissolved following the battle. Harrison signed an armistice at Detroit with the chiefs or representatives of several tribes,  although others fought on until the end of the war and beyond.
He then transferred most of his regulars east to the Niagara River and went himself to Washington where he was acclaimed a hero. However, a comparatively petty dispute with President James Madison and John Armstrong resulted in him resigning his commission as Major General.
Procter later rallied men of the 41st Regiment at the Grand River reinforced by some young soldiers of the 2nd battalion who had not been present at the battle.
The two battalions were reorganized and merged, as the regiment was severely understrength at this point, and the survivors of the 1st Battalion were placed in the grenadier and light infantry companies. They had been held in encampments near Sandusky, Ohio and had suffered severely from sickness during their captivity.
In MayProcter was charged with negligence and improper conduct, though a court martial could not be held until December, when campaigning had ceased for the winter and a senior board of officers could be assembled. They judged that Procter had managed the retreat badly, failing to secure his stores, and also disposed the troops ineffectively at Moraviantown.Ccot essays - Qualified scholars engaged in the service will write your task within the deadline choose the service, and our qualified writers will fulfil your assignment flawlessly .
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The Battle of the Thames, also known as the Battle of Moraviantown, was a decisive American victory in the War of against Great Britain and its Indian allies in the Tecumseh's attheheels.com took place on October 5, in Upper Canada, near Chatham, attheheels.com British lost control of western Ontario as a result of the battle; Tecumseh was killed and his Confederacy largely fell apart.
In order to ask the right questions you have to FIRST understand the actual situation, what you ACTUALLY KNOW, and maybe even more importantly, what you don’t KNOW but have assumed. Like the U.S.G.S azimuthal equidistant projection map right above a perspective change is sometimes the key to seeing what you’re missing.