On the one hand, some believe that the Amendment's phrase "the right of the people to keep and bear Arms" creates an individual constitutional right for citizens of the United States.
Visit Website However, opponents of a strong central government known as Anti-Federalists argued that this federal army deprived states of their ability to defend themselves against oppression. So, shortly after the U. Constitution was officially ratified, James Madison proposed the Second Amendment as a way to empower these state militias.
While the Second Amendment did not answer the broader Anti-Federalist concern that the federal government had too much power, it did establish the principle held by both Federalists and their opponents that the government did not have the authority to disarm citizens.
The crux of the debate is whether the amendment protects the right of private individuals to keep and bear arms, or whether it instead protects a collective right that should be exercised only through formal militia units. They argue that the right to bear arms should be given only to organized groups, like the National Guard, a reserve military force that replaced the state militias after the Civil War.
On the other side are those who argue that the Second Amendment gives all citizens, not just militias, the right to own guns in order to protect themselves.
The National Rifle Association NRAfounded inand its supporters have been the most visible proponents of this argument, and have pursued a vigorous campaign against gun control measures at the local, state and federal levels.
Those who support stricter gun control legislation have argued that limits are necessary on gun ownership, including who can own them, where they can be carried and what type of guns should be available for purchase. Congress passed one of the most high-profile federal gun control efforts, the so-called Brady Billin the s, largely thanks to the efforts of former White House Press Secretary James S.
Brady, who had been shot in the head during an assassination attempt on President Ronald Reagan in District of Columbia v. Heller Since the passage of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, which mandated background checks for gun purchases from licensed dealers, the debate on gun control has changed dramatically.
This is partially due to the actions of the Supreme Courtwhich departed from its past stance on the Second Amendment with its verdicts in two major cases, District ofColumbia v.
Heller and McDonald v. For a long time, the federal judiciary held the opinion that the Second Amendment remained among the few provisions of the Bill of Rights that did not fall under the due process clause of the 14th Amendmentwhich would thereby apply its limitations to state governments.
For example, in the case Presser v.
But in its decision in District of Columbia v. Heller, which invalidated a federal law barring nearly all civilians from possessing guns in the District of Columbia, the Supreme Court extended Second Amendment protection to individuals in federal non-state enclaves.
Chicago Two years later, in McDonald v. Chicago, the Supreme Court struck down also in a decision a similar citywide handgun ban, ruling that the Second Amendment applies to the states as well as to the federal government.
In the majority ruling in that case, Justice Samuel Alito wrote: To take just two recent examples, the Sandy Hook shooting of 18 children and two adults at the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticutled President Barack Obama and many others to call for tighter background checks and a renewed ban on assault weapons.
And inthe mass shooting of 58 people attending a country music concert in Las Vegas to date the largest mass shooting in U. On the other side of the ongoing debate of gun control measures are the NRA and other gun rights supporters, powerful and vocal groups that views such restrictions as an unacceptable violation of their Second Amendment rights.Dec 04, · Watch video · right to bear arms The text of the Second Amendment reads in full: “A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms.
As I wrote at the time, Castile’s killing raised the question of whether African Americans truly have a right to bear arms in attheheels.com . The right to bear arms is the foundation that holds our country together and is the right that ensures all our other rights. We hold that when .
Gun control is as much a part of the Second Amendment as the right to keep and bear arms.
The text of the amendment, which refers to a “well regulated Militia,” suggests as much. As the Supreme Court correctly noted in District of Columbia v.
List of amendments to the United States Constitution Right to keep and bear arms – international views on the concept by country Second Amendment Caucus – a Congressional caucus dedicated to supporting the right to bear arms'.
The Right to Bear Arms is a Human Right. Newt Gingrich | Wednesday Apr 18 on International Small Arms Control Standards seek to impose global restrictions on gun ownership that would apply to Americans and the citizens of every country that ratified the agreements.
taking away the right to bear arms is nothing less than eliminating the.